It will help your readers understand the information quickly. The main benefit of using visual content in the appendix is that it will not take the space in the main body. You will reference them in the main content which will provide an option for those who want to check them for more information. You can also include the graphs, charts and other visuals created by other researchers if needed. But in this case, you should cite them properly so that the reader can know that it is not created by you.
Instruments used Your readers will find it useful if you mention the information regarding the instruments used in your research. So you should note this in the appendix. You can mention whatever is used, i. Your readers should know how did you use the device while conducting the research and taking the interviews or surveys. It will help your audience understand the method and techniques used in your research. Transcripts of interviews and surveys You should include the complete interview transcripts, survey question answers and any correspondence as part of the appendix.
You can include the photocopies of handwritten notes and contents or online copies. If there is only one appendix, it is just called Appendix Each appendix must also have a title Begin each appendix on a separate page with page number Place the label and title of each appendix at the top of the page, centered, using normal capitalization.
Label first, title second. Paragraphs The first paragraph is flush left and not indented. The second and following paragraphs are indented as "normal" paragraphs are.
Include all variations of the instruments as well if different items were sent to different groups [e. Raw statistical data — this can include any numerical data that is too lengthy to include in charts or tables in its entirety within the text. This is important because the entire source of data should be included even if you are referring to only certain parts of a chart or table in the text of your paper. Sample calculations — this can include quantitative research formulas or detailed descriptions of how calculations were used to determine relationships and significance.
For example, if you need to contrast the techniques of analysis used by other authors with your own method of analysis, summarize that information, and cite to the original work. In this case, a citation to the original work is sufficient enough to lead the reader to where you got the information. You do not need to provide a copy of this in an appendix.
Format Here are some general guideline on how to format appendices. If needed, consult the writing style guide [e. Each appendix begins on a new page. The order they are presented is dictated by the order they are mentioned in the text of your research paper. The heading should be "Appendix," followed by a letter or number [e.
If there is a table of contents, the appendices must be listed. Department of Biology. Purdue University; Lunsford, Andrea A. The St. Martin's Handbook. New York: St.
As such, your study must be able to stand alone without the appendices, and the paper must contain all information including tables, diagrams, and results necessary to understand the research problem. Format Here are some general guideline on how to format appendices. In this case, a citation to the original work is sufficient enough to lead the reader to where you got the information. General Points to Consider When considering whether to include content in an appendix, keep in mind the following: It is usually good practice to include your raw data in an appendix, laying it out in a clear format so the reader can re-check your results. So you should note this in the appendix. Before we go through the steps of making an appendix, it is essential that we understand its meaning.
This will help the reader know what information is included in the appendices [always list the appendix or appendices in a table of contents]. As such, your study must be able to stand alone without the appendices, and the paper must contain all information including tables, diagrams, and results necessary to understand the research problem. Each appendix must be labeled with a letter A, B, C, etc.
New York: Kluwer Academic, , pp. The main benefit of using visual content in the appendix is that it will not take the space in the main body. The second and following paragraphs are indented as "normal" paragraphs are. They are as below. Because it contains the extra information, it may not be useful to the entire audience or the time and space may not allow you to include in the main body.